Guidelines for the geometry design of local microseismic arrays
Error analysis of hypocenter location provides an efficient method for the design of local microseismic monitoring arrays. By using the equation of the error ellipsoid derived from the conventional generalized inverse method at a 3-D grid system in the study area, the hypocenter error contour mapping of a space containing a local microseismic monitoring array and its vicinities was drawn. As the technique provides the error distribution of a planning array before construction, it can be used to preview and examine whether the alignment of the stations can satisfy the need of precision in the object areas, and provide the evidence for further adjustments of the array. Also, through a series of numerical experiments, some rules of array design are derived, and these rules provide the theoretical evidence and guidelines for the design and optimization of local microseismic monitoring arrays.